Occupational therapy helps people to learn to take care of themselves when a health problem limits normal activity. Bathing, dressing, eating, preparing meals, performing housework and managing personal business are taken for granted by most people. In addition, occupational therapists will evaluate and design an individualized treatment approach that will teach compensatory strategies and adaptive techniques to allow a person to return to their highest level of function and independence.
Below are several injuries or illnesses that occupational therapists treat:
- Heart disease and breathing problems
that cause fatigue
- Paralysis or weakened muscles from a spinal cord injury or stroke
- Injury to a hand or shoulder
- Depression or other mental health problems
- Injury or disease in joints and bones that limit movement
- Cognitive impairments
- Visual impairments including macular degeneration, glaucoma that makes it difficult for a person to see their environment
The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life (ADLs) as safely and independently as possible.